Organs

Indholdsfortegnelse

Organs of digestion

The two organs in question are essential to know about the whole digestion. Most people know digestion as starting in the mouth and through the stomach, where the food eaten is broken down. However, it should be mentioned that digestion starts in the mouth. There are more than dozens of products that are good for digestion. However, what must clean the intestines is fibre. Furthermore, a cleanse is seen as getting the gallbladder to release stored bile, so that the bacteria level can be lowered and the oxygen level can also be kept down.​

The small intestine - the first of the two

The small intestine is the start of the two organs of digestion, it has the task of dissolving fat and adding enzymes. The small intestine is also the part of the called because it is of course thinner, but also longer.

The duodenum is called the starting part of the small intestine because its length corresponds to 12 fingers. The duodenum has four sections, each doing its part in the initial digestion. The small intestine is responsible for controlling the adaptation of food from the stomach out to the other two sections. The purpose of the small part is to be a passage for the food that enters you from the stomach, and to take in bile from the gallbladder and liver.

The four stages of the duodenum

The first part of the duodenum is to take in bile that is produced by the liver, stored in the gallbladder and released for the beginning of digestion, at the same time a message is sent to the liver from the food consumed about what has been consumed. Thus, bile is adjusted for further digestion.

The second part of the duodenum is connected to the pancreas, so that enzymes are added to the food that comes on from the first part, which is supplied with bile. In this part, the ingested food and drink is broken down by the enzymes from the pancreas, so that it could be absorbed correctly.

The third part is connected to the aorta and nutrients from this part go into the ball and to the liver

The fourth part has a direct connection to the jejunum, or better explained, it is the part where the duodenum merges into the jejunum.

Absorption in Jejunum

Absorption in jejunum is to absorb nutrients in the form of sugars, amino acids and fats. It is released into the blood. And to ensure the body’s absorption, the jejunum is covered with a mucous membrane to carry nutrition through. In addition, the fine mucous membrane is a kind of fingers, or finger-like tools, that shoot into the environment of the jejunum and lay down as a really wide area, so that absorption of nutrition is guaranteed. Minerals, electrolytes and carbohydrates are also absorbed in the jejunum.

Ileum is a busy part

The ileum is the last and lowest part of the small intestine. After sugars, amino acids and fats have been absorbed. B12 and bile salts are two of the primary ingredients that are absorbed here. Furthermore, where the ileum is connected and comes from the jejunum, the ileum is connected to the large intestine via the Ileocecal valve. It is something more than a gasket between a sink and a drain. This valve itself can be massaged if symptoms of diarrhea, constipation and other digestive problems are experienced. Another important role the ileum has is to reabsorb bile via blood vessels, where it is sent to the liver so that bile flow can be adjusted. That process continues until nothing can be moved from the ileum to the valve – the ileocecal valve.

Large intestines

The large intestine is in the same category as the small intestine in three sections and has the role of absorbing liquid, absorbing some vitamins and receiving indigestible fibers such as vegetables and fruit. As an end point that is also known to most people, storing waste is the last thing.

Incipient colon

The ascending colon begins just after the cecum (a pouch-like structure at the end of the ileum – the part of the small intestine furthest from the stomach) in the lower right side of the abdomen and rises to the area of the abdomen just below the diaphragm (the diaphragm is what pulls the lungs down by inhalation).

Transverse intestines at the diaphragm

Transverse has a close location from under the liver across the stomach from right to left if you look down at your stomach.

The initial final

The downward one is along the left side of the abdomen, from just below the diaphragm at the top of the abdomen to the left towards the hip bone.

The sigmoid intestine

The S-shaped connection between the last part of the large intestine and the rectum, located in the lower left side of the abdomen, is called the sigmoid colon. It processes the rest of the waste and sends it on to the rectum.

Rectum

The rectum and anus are connected, where the rectum is a storehouse for what has not been digested, or could manage to be digested.

Optimization and correction

What can be added as advice to be able to maintain the two organs is to restructure one’s diet. This can be done by looking at an equal distribution of proteins, fats and healthy sugars – about 30% of each. At the same time, look for sources with a lot of minerals in them.